Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly Resolution 217 A (iii) of 10 December 1948
The 10 December 1948, General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, full text of which is contained in the following pages. Following this historic act, the Assembly called upon all Member countries to publicize the text of the Declaration and it was “distributing, exposed, read and expounded principally in schools and other educational establishments, without distinction based on the political status of countries or territories”.
Whereas freedom, justice and peace in the world are based on the recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family;
Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and that has been proclaimed, as the highest aspiration of man, the advent of a world in which human beings, freedom from fear and want, enjoy freedom of speech and freedom of belief;
Whereas it is essential that human rights should be protected by the rule of law, so that a man is not compelled to have recourse to rebellion against tyranny and oppression;
Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations among nations;
Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women, and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom;
Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation with the United Nations Organization, universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms, and
Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge;
The General Assembly
Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, so that both individuals and institutions, Declaration constantly in mind, promote, by teaching and education, respect for these rights and freedoms, and ensure, by progressive measures, national and international, recognition and universal and effective, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, They are endowed with reason and conscience, should act towards one another.
1. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth herein, without distinction of any kind, color, sex, language, religion, political or any other, national or social origin, economic position, birth or other status.
2. Also, no distinction shall be made based on the political status, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it is an independent country, as a Trust Territory, not autonomous or under any other limitation of sovereignty.
Everyone has the right to life, to liberty and security of person.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude, slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhumanos the degrading.
Everyone has the right, everywhere, recognition of legal personality.
All are equal before the law and are, irrespective, right to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals, national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
No one shall be arbitrarily detained, arrested nor exile.
Everyone has the right, in full equality, to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, for the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him in criminal.
1. Everyone charged with a penal offense has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty, according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defense.
2. No person shall be convicted of any act or omission which at the time it was committed offense, under national or international law. Nor heavier penalty be imposed than was applicable at the time of the commission of the offense.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor or reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the territory of a State.
2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
1. In case of persecution, Everyone has the right to seek asylum, and enjoy it, in any country.
2. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.
1. The men and women, from marriageable age, are entitled, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, to marry and found a family, and disfrutaren to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution of marriage.
2. Only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses Marriage shall be entered.
3. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.
1. Everyone has the right to property, individually and collectively.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom to manifest his religion or belief, individually and collectively, both public and private, for teaching, practice, worship and observance.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek their views, to investigate and receive information and opinions, and to disseminate, regardless of frontiers, by any means of expression.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
2. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
1. Everyone has the right to participate in the government of his country, directly through freely escogidos representatives.
2. Everyone has the right of access, equal, to public service in his country.
3. The will of the people is the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by periodically, by universal and equal suffrage and by secret vote or by equivalent free voting.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security, and to obtain, through national effort and international cooperation, view of the organization and resources of each State, satisfaction of economic, social and cultural, indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
2. Everyone has the right, without discrimination, to equal pay for equal work.
3. Everyone who works has the right to just and favorable remuneration, that ensures, and his family, an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
4. Everyone has the right to form and join trade unions for the protection of their interests.
Everyone has the right to rest, at leisure, reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for, and his family, health and welfare, including food and, the dress, housing, medical care and necessary social services; and the right to security in the event of unemployment, disease, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, born in wedlock or out of wedlock, enjoy the same social protection.
1. Everyone has the right to education. Education should be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally; access to higher education will be the same for all, based on merit.
2. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations and all racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations peacekeeping.
3. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.
1. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits resulting therefrom.
2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific productions, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.
Everyone has the right to establish a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
1. Everyone has duties to the community, since alone the free and full development personality.
2. In exercising their rights and enjoy their freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others, and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
3. These rights and freedoms may, in any case, be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, a group or a person, to engage in any activity or perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.